In this section of Romans, national identities are the context of the people groups of the Jews and Gentiles. Racial and ethnic conflicts are ongoing at the time the apostle Paul wrote to the Gentiles at Rome that were being fueled by arrogance and ignorance. Salvation blessings extended to Gentiles are on the same basis as they are offered to Jews – by faith in Jesus Christ as the One fulfilling the promises made of the Messiah. Both Jew and Gentile are offered the kindness and love of God through faith in Christ. Both are likewise promised they will face the severity of God's wrath against their sin if Christ is rejected as Lord and Savior.
The grace of God, past, present, and future is the believer's blessed hope. The grace of God has appeared in the person and work of Jesus Christ. That grace in the past provided salvation of sinners who will come to God by faith alone, in Christ alone. The grace of God for the present, "now age" teaches and enables saved sinners to live consistent with their new character. Being so taught the believer lives a life of worship and obedience anticipating the future grace of God to reappear in the person of Jesus Christ. When He does, He will complete the transformation of believer's lives into perfect conformity with His character. The world may be falling apart but our great God and Savior is coming again. With that great hope we, who have been saved by the grace of His first appearing, endure, persevere, and rejoice, as we await His glorious return.